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Thirteen Colonies Eastern North America in The border between the red and pink areas represents the "Proclamation line", while the orange area represents the Spanish claim. Lawrence Henry Gipson writes: It may be said as truly that the American Revolution was an aftermath of the Anglo-French conflict in the New World carried on between and The Proclamation, however, cut them off.
The lands west of Quebec and west of a line running along the crest of the Allegheny Mountains became Indian territory, barred to settlement for two years.
The colonists protested, and the boundary line was adjusted in a series of treaties with the Indians.
The treaties opened most of Kentucky and West Virginia to colonial settlement. The new map was drawn up at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in which moved the line much farther to the west, from the green line to the red line on the map at right.
Early seeds Main articles: On October 9, the Navigation Acts were passed pursuant to a mercantilist policy intended to ensure that trade enriched only Great Britain, and barring trade with foreign nations. This contributed to the development of a unique identity, separate from that of the British people.
Dominion rule triggered bitter resentment throughout New England; the enforcement of the unpopular Navigation Acts and the curtailing of local democracy angered the colonists.
The taxes severely damaged the New England economy, and the taxes were rarely paid, resulting in a surge of smuggling, bribery, and intimidation of customs officials.
The British captured the fortress of Louisbourg during the War of the Austrian Successionbut then ceded it back to France in New England colonists resented their losses of lives, as well as the effort and expenditure involved in subduing the fortress, only to have it returned to their erstwhile enemy.
Taxes imposed and withdrawn Further information: No taxation without representation and Virtual representation Notice of Stamp Act of in newspaper InParliament passed the Currency Act to restrain the use of paper money, fearing that otherwise the colonists might evade debt payments.
That same year, Prime Minister George Grenville proposed direct taxes on the colonies to raise revenue, but he delayed action to see whether the colonies would propose some way to raise the revenue themselves.
All official documents, newspapers, almanacs, and pamphlets were required to have the stamps—even decks of playing cards. The colonists did not object that the taxes were high; they were actually low.
Benjamin Franklin testified in Parliament in that Americans already contributed heavily to the defense of the Empire.
He said that local governments had raised, outfitted, and paid 25, soldiers to fight France—as many as Britain itself sent—and spent many millions from American treasuries doing so in the French and Indian War alone.
The decision was to keep them on active duty with full pay, but they had to be stationed somewhere.Get the latest news and analysis in the stock market today, including national and world stock market news, business news, financial news and more.
The American Revolution began in Massachusetts at Lexington and Concord on 19 Apr On 3 Sep , 8 years later it officially ended. Although the war took 8 years to end, the fighting was not one constant continuous effort without any major battle being fought after (Revolutionary War, ).
alphabetnyc.com THE MUSIC OF GEORGE WASHINGTON'S TIME by John Tasker Howard expanded and updated for the web. THE MUSICAL BACKGROUND.
Musical Conditions in Early America. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The American Revolution (–) Study Guide has everything you . We think we know the Revolutionary War.
After all, the American Revolution and the war that accompanied it not only determined the nation we would become but also continue to define who we are.
The American Revolution was the 18th-century colonists' struggle for independence from Britain. Learn about the Revolutionary War, the Declaration of Independence and more.