This led the way to treatments for other genetic diseases and increased interest in germ line gene therapy — therapy affecting the gametes and descendants of patients. Between September and January there were around 2, gene therapy trials conducted or approved. Cancer vaccine A cancer vaccine is a vaccine that treats existing cancer or prevents the development of cancer in certain high-risk individuals.
Vaccines that treat existing cancer are known as therapeutic cancer vaccines. There are currently no vaccines able to prevent cancer in general. On April 14,Dendreon Corporation announced that their Phase III clinical trial of Provengea cancer vaccine designed to treat prostate cancer, had demonstrated an increase in survival.
Food and Drug Administration FDA approval for use in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer patients on April 29, In vitro meat In vitro meat, also called cultured meat, clean meat, cruelty-free meat, shmeat, and test-tube meat, is an animal-flesh product that has never been part of a living animal with exception of the fetal calf serum taken from a slaughtered cow.
In the 21st century, several research projects have worked on in vitro meat in the laboratory. Some argue that it is less objectionable than traditionally obtained meat because it doesn't involve killing and reduces the risk of animal cruelty, while others disagree with eating meat that has not developed naturally.
Nanotechnology and Outline of nanotechnology Nanotechnology sometimes shortened to nanotech is the manipulation of matter on an atomicmolecularand supramolecular scale.
The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology   referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiativewhich defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to nanometers.
This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold.
A summary of the second “Computers Gone Wild: Impact and Implications of Developments in Artificial Intelligence on Society” workshop, which took place on February 19, at . The Artificial Intelligence Chipsets Market is segmented on the lines of its component, technology, end-user and regional. Basis of component is segmented into hardware, software, and service. The common, and recurring, view of the latest breakthroughs in artificial intelligence research is that sentient and intelligent machines are just on the horizon.
Robotics and Outline of robotics Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
A good example of robots which resembles humans is Sophiaa social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong -based company Hanson Robotics which was activated on April 19, Many of today's robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
Stem cell therapy[ edit ] Main article: Stem cell therapy Stem cell therapy is an intervention strategy that introduces new adult stem cells into damaged tissue in order to treat disease or injury. Many medical researchers believe that stem cell treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering.
Distributed ledger technology[ edit ] Main articles: Blockchain and Smart contracts Distributed ledger or blockchain technology is a technology which provides transparent and immutable lists of transactions.
Blockchains can enable autonomous transactions through the use of smart contracts. Smart contracts are self-executing transactions which occur when pre-defined conditions are met.
The original idea of a smart contract was conceived by Nick Szabo in  but these original theories about how these smart contracts could work remained unrealised because there was no technology to support programmable agreements and transactions between parties.
His example of a smart contract was the vending machine that holds goods until money has been received and then the goods are released to the buyer. The machine holds the property and is able to enforce the contract.
There were two main issues that needed to be addressed before smart contracts could be used in the real world. Firstly, the control of physical assets by smart contracts to be able to enforce agreements. Secondly, the last of trustworthy computers that are reliable and trusted to execute the contract between two or more parties.
It is only with the advent of cryptocurrency and encryption that the technology for smart contracts has come to fruition. Many potential applications of smart contracts have been suggested that go beyond the transfer of value from one party to another, such as supply chain management, electronic voting, law and the internet of things.
Some of the sources of these resources are described below Research and development[ edit ] Research and development is directed towards the advancement of technology in general, and therefore includes development of emerging technologies.
See also List of countries by research and development spending. Applied research is a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical application of science. It accesses and uses some part of the research communities' the academia's accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state- business- or client-driven purpose.
Science policy is the area of public policy which is concerned with the policies that affect the conduct of the science and research enterprise, including the funding of science, often in pursuance of other national policy goals such as technological innovation to promote commercial product development, weapons development, health care and environmental monitoring.Application areas of Artificial Intelligence is having a huge impact on various fields of life as expert system is widely used gives an overview of this technology and the application areas Artificial Intelligence techniques for protecting computer.
With the uprise of technology and advancements constantly being made, it has now come time to question the use of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence, or AI, means giving non living things, such as computers and robots, the ability to think for themselves to an extent.
That said, whether you feel the next breakout technology is autonomous cars, the Internet of Things, chatbots, or machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI) is driving these exciting advancements.
The AI Impacts project aims to improve our understanding of the long term impacts of artificial intelligence. This site is a collection of reference pages outlining our best understanding of many relevant considerations.
Advances in computing power and artificial intelligence can potentially enable law enforcement agencies to track suspected terrorists by analyzing social networks, government records, and other data. In the future, billions of 3D-printed “smart dust” cameras floating . Help IoT achieve its maximum potential While digital transformation is disrupting the agricultural world and more data comes feed the systems, solutions like the Watson IoT platform enhance value by applying machine learning abilities to sensor or drone data, transforming management systems in real artificial intelligence systems.