In this period of time, two world super powers were in a stalemate economically and militarily and were constantly competing to be the superior. United States being the richest country in the world promoted democracy and capitalism in the world. The newly formed Soviet Union thought that communism was a better political system because it transformed their economy and status in the world from nothing but a declining empire to a super power once again.
Suspicion and mistrust had defined U. Competing ideologies and visions of the postwar world prevented U. Truman, however, wanted exactly the opposite.
He believed that only industrialization and democracy in Germany and throughout the continent would ensure postwar stability. The Marshall Plan was so successful that factories in Western Europe were exceeding their prewar production levels within just a few years.
In defiance, he followed through on his plan to create a buffer between the Soviet Union and Germany by setting up pro-Communist governments in Poland and other Eastern European countries.
As a result, the so-called iron curtain soon divided East from West in Europe.
Stalin also tried unsuccessfully to drive French, British, and American occupation forces from the German city of Berlin by blocking highway and railway access.
Determined not to let the city fall, Truman ordered the Berlin airlift to drop food and medical supplies for starving Berliners. Containment The Berlin crisis, as well as the formation of the Eastern bloc of Soviet-dominated countries in Eastern Europe, caused foreign policy officials in Washington to believe that the United States needed to check Soviet influence abroad in order to prevent the further spread of Communism.
InTruman incorporated this desire for containment into his Truman Doctrine, which vowed to support free nations fighting Communism. The act reorganized the military under the new office of the secretary of defense and the new Joint Chiefs of Staff.
It also created the National Security Council to advise the president on global affairs and the Central Intelligence Agency to conduct espionage. His Fair Deal domestic policies and support for civil rights, Containment of communism essay, divided the Republican Party and nearly cost Truman the election.
Nixon and the House Un-American Activities Committee led the earliest Red hunts for Communists in the government, which culminated with the prosecution of federal employee Alger Hiss and the executions of suspected spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Truman initially supported these inquiries and even established a Loyalty Review Board to assist in the search.
He eventually began to express concern, however, that the Red hunts were quickly devolving into witch hunts. Determined not to let Communism spread in East Asia, Truman quadrupled military spending and ordered General MacArthur to retake the southern half of the peninsula.
MacArthur succeeded and then pushed the North Koreans almost up to the Chinese border. Threatened, over a million soldiers from Communist China poured into Korea, forcing MacArthur to retreat back to the 38th parallel, which had originally divided North Korea from South Korea.
When MacArthur began to criticize Truman publicly for his unwillingness to use nuclear weapons in Korea, Truman was forced to fire his top general for insubordination. United States forces remained entrenched at the 38th parallel for two more years, at the cost of more than 50, American lives.
Both sides declared a cease-fire only after the new U. Eisenhower, threatened to use nuclear weapons in The average national income doubled during the s and then doubled again the following decade, primarily due to continued defense spending and to the Montgomery G.
Bill, which helped returning veterans buy homes and go back to school. Bymost American families had a car, a television, and a refrigerator and owned their own home.
Popular television sitcoms like Leave It to Beaver and Ozzie and Harriet glamorized suburbia and consumerism. In fact, he expanded Social Security and the Federal Housing Administration and even set aside tens of millions of dollars for the creation of the first interstates under the Federal Highway Act.
Still a conservative, though, Eisenhower refused to endorse the blossoming civil rights movement and signed the Landrum-Griffin Act, also known as the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, in the wake of numerous AFL-CIO labor union scandals in the mids.
McCarthyism First-term Wisconsin Republican senator Joseph McCarthy, meanwhile, exploded onto the national political scene inwhen he accused more than federal employees of being Communists.
Thousands of former New Dealers and Red-hunt critics from all walks of life were wrongfully persecuted. Along with Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower devised a New Look at foreign policy that emphasized the use of nuclear weapons, rather than conventional weapons and troops, to contain Communism.
Eisenhower also made full use of the newly created CIA to help overthrow unfriendly governments in developing countries. In his farewell address inhe warned Americans of the growing military-industrial complex that threatened to restrict civil liberties and dominate American foreign policy making.
As president, Kennedy pushed for a package of new social welfare spending programs that he called the New Frontier. Despite the new doctrine, Kennedy was unable to prevent Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev from constructing the Berlin Wall in When this Bay of Pigs invasion failed embarrassingly, Kennedy authorized several unsuccessful assassination attempts against Castro.
Khrushchev capitalized on the opportunity and placed several nuclear missiles in Cuba. Khrushchev ended the terrifying Cuban missile crisis when he agreed to remove the missiles in exchange for an end to the blockade.
Kennedy also removed American missiles from Turkey and agreed to work on reducing Cold War tensions. Tragically, Kennedy was assassinated in latejust as tensions were rising in Vietnam—which would prove to be the next, and most costly, theater of the Cold War.Essay The Vietnam War: Communist Containment and the Cold War; Essay The Vietnam War: Communist Containment and the Cold War Essay Containment: Cold War and George C.
Marshall * First laid out by George F. Kennan in , Containment stated that communism needed to be contained and isolated, or it would spread to neighboring countries.
Read Containment of Communism free essay and over 88, other research documents. Containment of Communism. The Cold War is the closest the world has ever come to complete destruction. In this period of time, two. History of Communism Containment. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: 22nd May, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student.
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Kennan’s philosophy behind stopping Communism from spreading was through containment, even though the telegraph did not have the word containment in it. The Truman Doctrine was established and the number of Presidents that viewed war in foreign soil.
noun. the faculty of conscious and especially of deliberate action; the power of control the mind has over its own actions: the freedom of the will. power of choosing one's own actions: to have a strong or a weak will.
the act or process of using or asserting one's choice; volition: My hands are obedient to my will. wish or desire: to submit against one's will.
"Hope is not a strategy" can quickly curtail strategic discourse, but this article shows how hope has been historically central to U.S. grand strategy.