God and Massachusetts InPlymouth Governor John Bradford commented that Williams had begun to express and practice "strang opinions," eventually resulting in the preacher leaving the church. His complaint was that when Plymouth citizens returned to England, they would participate in Anglican services, thereby contaminating the Plymouth church upon their return.
Winthrop thus belonged to a class—the gentry—that became the dominant force in English society between andand he early assumed the habit of command appropriate to a member of the ruling class in a highly stratified society. At age 15 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge.
At age 17 he married the first of his four wives—Mary Forth, daughter of an Essex squire—and the next year the first of his 16 children was born. Like many members of his class, Winthrop studied law, served as justice of the peaceand obtained a government office; from to he was an attorney at the Court of Wards and Liveries.
For more than 20 years Winthrop was primarily a country squire at Groton, with no discernible interest in overseas colonization. He was an ardently religious person. When, inthe Massachusetts Bay Company obtained a royal charter to plant a colony in New EnglandWinthrop joined the company, pledging to sell his English estate and take his family to Massachusetts if the company government and charter were also transferred to America.
The other members agreed to these terms and elected him governor October Some critics have seen Winthrop as a visionary utopian while others have seen him as a social reactionary, but most obviously he was urging his fellow colonists to adopt the combination of group discipline and individual responsibility that gave Massachusetts such immediate and lasting success as a social experiment.
God and john winthrop the remaining 19 years of his life, Winthrop lived in the New England wilderness, a father figure among the colonists. In the annual Massachusetts elections he was chosen governor 12 times between andand during the intervening years he sat on the court of assistants or colony council.
His American career passed through three distinct phases. On first arrival, in the early s, he did his most creative work, guiding the colonists as they laid out a network of tightly organized towns, each with its church of self-professed saints.
Winthrop himself settled at Boston, which quickly became the capital and chief port of Massachusetts. His new farm on the Mystic River was much inferior to his former estate at Groton, but Winthrop never regretted the move, because he was free at last to build a godly commonwealth.
He was nettled when the freemen voters insisted in on electing a representative assembly to share in decision making. And he took it as a personal affront when numerous colonists chose to migrate from Massachusetts to Connecticut. Conflict with Anne Hutchinson The greatest outrage to Winthrop by far, however, came when Anne Hutchinsona mere woman, gained control of his Boston church in and endeavoured to convert the whole colony to a religious position that Winthrop considered blasphemous.
It was he who led the counterattack against her. His victory was complete. The Court…charged her with diverse matters, as her keeping two public lectures every week in her house…and for reproaching most of the ministers viz.
Cotton for not preaching a covenant of free grace, and that they had not the seal of the Spirit, nor were able ministers of the New Testament; which were clearly proved against her….
And, after many speeches to and fro, at last she…vented her revelations; among which…that she had it revealed to her that she should come into New England, and should here be persecuted [presented], and that God would ruin us and our posterityand the whole state, for the same.
So the Court proceeded and banished her. Later Hutchinson was tried before the Boston church and formally excommunicated. She established a settlement on Aquidneck Island now Rhode Island in and four years later, after the death of her husband, settled on Long Island Sound.
By Winthrop had become the custodian of Massachusetts orthodoxy, suspicious of new ideas and influences and convinced that God favoured his community above all others. In Winthrop went against the recent trend of accepting Native Americans and Africans into the church an outgrowth of the Great Awakening and helped write the Massachusetts Body of Liberties, the first legal sanctioning of slavery in North America.
As slavery grew in New England, it was more typical for Native American slaves to be sent to the West Indieswhere they were exchanged for enslaved Africans. Winthrop, however, stayed in America, and he criticized the course of the Puritan Revolution.
But Winthrop was never a petty tyrant, and the colonists respected and loved him to the end.[Page 33] By the Hon. John Winthrop Esqr. In his passage (with a great company of Religious people, of which Christian tribes he was the Brave Leader and famous Governor;) from the Island of Great Brittaine to New-England in the North America.
"A Model of Christian Charity" is a sermon by Puritan leader John Winthrop, delivered on board the ship Arbella, on April 8, , while en route to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, although it might have been preached at the Holyrood Church in Southampton before the colonists embarked in the Winthrop Fleet.
9 quotes from John Winthrop: 'For this end, we must be knit together in this work as one man, we must entertain each other in brotherly affection, we must be willing to abridge our selves of our superfluities for the supply of others' necessities.
We must uphold a familiar commerce together in all meekness, gentleness, patience and liberality. John Winthrop: John Winthrop, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the chief figure among the Puritan founders of New England.
Winthrop’s father was a newly risen country gentleman whose acre (hectare) estate, Groton Manor, had been bought from Henry VIII at the time of the Reformation.
Primary Sources John Winthrop. John Winthrop was born in Groton, Suffolk, England in Educated at Cambridge University he practised law in London but was persecuted for his Puritan religious beliefs. Winthrop thought that the Church of England should abolish bishops, ecclesiastical courts and other relics of Roman Catholicism such as . Yet Winthrop understood that a measure of dissent and disagreement was inevitable. By temperament, he was a moderate, inclined to seek compromise, as he did when his friend Roger Williams began. John Winthrop – A Model of Christian Charity () the American people and God: inasmuch as we are a self-invented country, free and cometh of God andevery one that love is born th of God (1 John ), so that this love is the fruit of the new birth, and none can have it but the new creature.
One of the most important speeches/sermons, in American history, “A Model of Christian Charity,” was written and read by Massachusetts Bay Colony governor John Winthrop either before or during. Yet Winthrop understood that a measure of dissent and disagreement was inevitable.
By temperament, he was a moderate, inclined to seek compromise, as he did when his friend Roger Williams began.