One possible interpretation traced to Ciceroconnects lego read, i.
Some of the most important functions of religion are as follows: Religion as an Integrative Force 2. Creating a Moral Community 3. Religion as Social Control 4. Provides Rites of Passage 5.
Religion as Emotional Support 6. Religion as a Source of Identity 8. Legitimating Function of Religion 9.
Religion Acts as Psychotherapy Religion as an Agent of Social Change Religion as an Agent of De-politicization Religion is a cultural universal because it fulfills several basic functions within human societies.
It is a basic requirement of group life. In sociological terms, these include both manifest and latent functions.
Among the manifest open and stated functions of religion are included defining the spiritual world and giving meaning to the divine.
Religion provides an explanation for events that seem difficult to understand. By contrast, latent functions or religion are unintended, covert, or hidden.
Functionalists suggest that religion is a requirement for society and individual both because it serves both manifest and latent functions. These functions are discussed below in brief: Religion as an Integrative Force: Durkheim believed that the primary function of religion was to preserve and solidify society.
It functions to reinforce the collective unity or social solidarity of a group. Sharing the same religion or religious interpretation of the meaning of life unites people in a cohesive and building moral order. The social cohesion is developed through rituals such as reciting prayer in the honour of God, institutions of worship church, temple, mosque, etc.
The unifying rituals of different faiths are also observed by individuals on the most significant occasions such as birth, marriage and death.
In his view, religious bonds often transcend these personal and divisive forces. It gives people certain ultimate values and ends to hold in common.
Although the integrative impact of religion has been emphasized here, it should be noted that religion is not the only integrative force—the feelings of nationalism or patriotism may also serve the same end. In contemporary industrial societies, people are also bound together by patterns of consumption, ways of life, laws and other forces.
Creating a Moral Community: Religion provides a system of beliefs around which people may gather to belong to something greater than themselves in order to have their personal beliefs reinforced by the group and its rituals. Those who share a common ideology develop a collective identity and a sense of fellowship.Sociology of religion is the study of the beliefs, practices and organizational forms of religion using the tools and methods of the discipline of sociology.
Correspondingly, the more religions a society has, the more likely the population is to be religious. Religion is essential to a vibrant, democratic society Religion is vital to democracy “[We] have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by .
Societal religions vary throughout the world, with some worshiping one god and others worshiping many. One thing all these religions have in common is the ability to bring people together.
Religion is believed to be a purely personal matter. That is why religion has an important place in the life of an individual. Because it satisfies the social, psychological and spiritual needs of individual. It performs many valuable services and functions for both individual and society.
In other. Religion is essential to a vibrant, democratic society Religion is vital to democracy “[We] have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion.”.
Sociological and anthropological theories of religion generally attempt to explain the origin and function of religion.
Secularization is the transformation of the politics of a society from close identification with a particular religion's values and Adherents of one religion sometimes think of other religions as superstition.