Table of Contents 1. Communism Is the Ideology of the Devil 4.
C N Trueman "War Communism" historylearningsite.
The History Learning Site, 25 May War Communism War Communism was the name given to the economic system that existed in Russia from to War Communism was introduced by Lenin to combat the economic problems brought on by the civil war in Russia.
It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist dogma. One of the first measures of War Communism was the nationalisation of land. Banks and shipping were also nationalised and foreign trade was declared a state monopoly.
This was the response when Lenin realised that the Bolsheviks were simply unprepared to take over the whole economic system of Russia. Lenin stressed the importance of the workers showing discipline and a will to work hard if the revolution was to survive.
There were those in the Bolshevik hierarchy who wanted factory managers removed and the workers to take over the factories for themselves but on behalf of the people. It was felt that the workers would work better if they believed they were working for a cause as opposed to a system that made some rich but many poor.
The civil war had made many in the Bolsheviks even more class antagonistic, as there were many of the old guard who were fighting to destroy the Bolsheviks. On June 28th,a decree was passed that ended all forms of private capitalism.
War Communism also took control of the distribution of food. The Food Commissariat was set up to carry out this task. All co-operatives were fused together under this Commissariat. War Communism had six principles: Private ownership should be kept to the minimum.
Private houses were to be confiscated by the state. Once a military army had served its purpose, it would become a labour army. The state tried to control the activities of millions of peasants.
The economic life of the area controlled by the Bolsheviks was put into the hands of just a few organisations. The most important one was the Supreme Economic Council. This had the right to confiscate and requisition.
The speciality of the SEC was the management of industry. Over 40 head departments known as glavki were set up to accomplish this. One glavki could be responsible for thousands of factories. This frequently resulted in chronic inefficiency.
The Commissariat of Transport controlled the railways. The Commissariat of Agriculture controlled what the peasants did. The Commissariats took what they needed to meet demands.
Food was distributed on a 4: Though the manual class was the favoured class, it still received little food. Many in the professional class simply starved.
On July 20ththe Bolsheviks decided that all surplus food had to be surrendered to the state. This led to an increase in the supply of grain to the state. In tothis had risen to about 6 million tons. While the peasants had the land, they had not been made aware that they would have to hand over any extra food they produced from their land.This virtual museum is devoted to the history of the Gulag, the vast network of labor camps which was once scattered across the length and breadth of the Soviet Union, from the islands of the White Sea to the shores of the Black Sea, from the Arctic circle to the plains of Central Asia, from Murmansk to Vorkuta to Kazakhstan, from central Moscow to the Leningrad suburbs.
When the Left complains about being "silenced," it is not because they are actually prevented from speaking, but only because they are alphabetnyc.com their Orwellian, or Marcusan, universe, "Free speech" is when the Right is silenced. Communism, in this sense, is to be distinguished from socialism, which (as the term is commonly understood) seeks similar ends but by evolution rather than revolution.
Sections in this article: Introduction. Russia, country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern alphabetnyc.com the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.; commonly known as the Soviet Union), Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of .
This option provides for the study in depth of the coming and practice of communism in Russia. It explores concepts such as Marxism, communism, Leninism, .
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union Gorbachev and his allies envisioned the introduction of an economy similar to Lenin's earlier New Economic Policy through a program of "perestroika", or restructuring, In Russia, the Communist Party Political position: Far-left.