It is true that Muslim women, like women all over the world, have struggled against inequality and restrictive practices in education, work force participation, and family roles. Many of these oppressive practices, however, do not come from Islam itself, but are part of local cultural traditions. To think about the difference between religion and culture, ask yourself if the high rate of domestic violence in the United States is related to Christianity, the predominant religion. In fact, Islam gives women a number of rights, some of which were not enjoyed by Western women until the 19th century.
Questions of Periodization Nature and causes of changes The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of C. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized.
In the Western Roman Empire, the fall of the west left a power vacuum that set the stage for the rise of fragmented regional kingdoms. In India, the tradition of weak centralized power coupled with the Hindu caste system contributed to the social stability after the fall of the Gupta empire.
The Indian Ocean trade route becomes more prosperous as a result of the collapse of classical empires in Rome and China, which had helped secure the overland trade routes.
The rapid growth of Islam after shaped events and societies in parts of Africa, Europe and Southwest Asia. They were based in Damascus and established a hereditary monarchy. The set up a bureaucratic structure that used local administrators. Cultures were tolerated as long as they obeyed the rules of the caliphate, and payed a special tax and did not revolt.
Arabic was the language used for trade and government. Abbasid Caliphate - They moved the capital to Baghdad, which was the second largest city in the world then.
The size made it difficult to control, and their empire was weakened due to the heavy use of slaves, known as Mamluks. The Mamluks served in the army and eventually weakened the Abbasid rule.
By the mid 9th century, the Abbasid Caliphate had been broken into smaller states, but Islam was the cultural continuity. Areas under Muslim control were known as "Dar al-Islam". Muslim merchants spread improved irrigation in the region, which led to increases in food production and population.
Cities flourished and manufactured pottery, fabrics and rugs. Paper was introduced from China, and they set up paper mills. Mosques, hospitals, schools and orphanages were set up throughout the empire, which allowed for the spread of intellectual ideas such as algebra, Greek learning, and latitude and longitude.
Universities were also established, such as those in Toledo, Cordoba, and Granada. Women - In early Islamic society, Islam appealed to women because they had equal status in the eyes of God. Women could keep their dowries as wives and female infanticide was prohibited.
The status of women in Islamic society was one such change. Earlier Era In the first two centuries of Islam – the life of the Prophet Muhammad and the subsequent Umayyad period – . AFRICAN SOCIETIES AND EMPIRES Beginning around , Islam spread into the northern part of the continent, bringing with it the unifying forces of religious practices and law, the shari'a. As Islam spread, many African rulers converted to the new religion, and centralized states began to form. The Muslim Women's League is a nonprofit American Muslim organization working to implement the values of Islam and thereby reclaim the status of women as free and equal. Women in Afghanistan.
Byzantine Empire 4th century - C. Emperor Justinian attempted to reconquer the western portion, but failed. He did succeed at codifying Roman laws Justinian's Code. He controlled religious and political life and replaced Latin with Greek as the official language.
The Byzantine Empire was a strong centralized hereditary monarchy. It had an effective military and a bureaucracy the answered to the emperor. The empire was administered by dividing it into themes - military districts - controlled by generals.
The Emperor was considered the head of the church and appointed the patriarch. This concept was called caesaropapism. Its central location on the Mediterranean Sea allowed trade to flourish, especially in the capital of Constantinople.
Silk worms were smuggled out of China, which allowed the Byzantines to develop a silk industry, while artisans produced glassware, linen, jewelry, gold and silver. Socially, people could move up through military service, but this was rare.the Byzantine Emperor who developed Justinian's code, built the Hagia Sophia, walls, and the Hippodrome Theodora The wife of Justinian, she helped to improve the status of women in the Byzantinian Empire and encouraged her husband to stay in Constntinople and fight the Nika Revolt.
What was the intent of the Muslims invading the Byzantine/Roman Empire and the Sassanid Empire? Update Cancel. Why did the Byzantine empire troops look Muslim? needs to the wealth and financial resources which could be provided through the loot of the empires of Sassanid and Byzantine, two empires that after the long wars during the.
Although not an indigenous Arab custom, it was adopted from the Byzantine and Sasanid Empires and became a widespread custom in the Muslim world, but it was performed in a variety of ways. Elite women were restrained from public view more strictly than lower-status women.
World History Chapter 10 Sections STUDY. PLAY. Islam is NOT. a country in the middle east How did Islam affect Muslim women? (what is prohibits, situation with legal rights and education, and clothing) how did Muslims conquer Byzantine and Persian empires?
skill in desert fighting surprise (arabs never united before). The status of women in Islamic society was one such change. Earlier Era In the first two centuries of Islam – the life of the Prophet Muhammad and the subsequent Umayyad period – . Oct 15, · Difference Between The ISLAMIC EMPIRES and The BYZANTINE EMPIRE October 15, October 16, | kexintroy There were several differences and similarities between the Islamic empires and the Byzantine empires.