Enjoy the Famous Daily The first writing Writing has its origins in the strip of fertile land stretching from the Nile up into the area often referred to as the Fertile Crescent. This name was given, in the early 20th century, to the inverted U-shape of territory that stretches up the east Mediterranean coast and then curves east through northern Syria and down the Euphrates and the Tigris to the Persian Gulf. The first known writing derives from the lower reaches of the two greatest rivers in this extended region, the Nile and the Tigris.
Mathematics commonly uses a positional numeral system employing 10 as the base and requiring 10 different numerals, the digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, Who invented chinese writing, 8, 9, and a dot decimal point.
An example of how the Chinese used the decimal system may be seen in an inscription from the thirteenth century BC, in which ' days' is written 'Five hundred plus four decades plus seven of days'.
The Chinese wrote with characters instead of an alphabet. When writing with a Western alphabet of more than nine letters, there is a temptation to go on with words like eleven. Less elegant number schemes such as Roman numerals, built on positions by adding a unit to a power of ten symbol, without using placeholders zeros.
Eleven was X ten followed by I one. This became even more unwieldy with or half powers of ten such as L for 50 or D for With Chinese characters, ten is ten-blank and eleven is ten-one zero was left as a blank space: A noteworthy characteristic of the Chinese system, and one that represented a substantial advantage over the Mediterranean systems, was its predilection for a decimal notation.
This is demonstrated by early measuring rulers dating back as far as the 6th century BC. This place holding or place notation was much easier than inventing a new character for each number imagine having to memorize an enormous number of characters just to read the date!
Having a decimal system from the beginning was a big advantage in making mathematical advances. Most historians agree that the development of a decimal place value system of numeration originated from the Indian subcontinent, and that Arabic scholars were responsible for the system.
Some have argued the first use of a place value system should be attributed to the ancient Sumerians during the Proliterate period BC.
While it cannot be denied that the Babylonians used a place value system, theirs was sexagismal base 60and while the concept of place value may have come from Mesopotamia, the Indians were the first to use it with a decimal base base All current evidence points towards the Indian system having been influenced by the base 10 Chinese counting boards precursor to the abacus and the place value system of the Babylonians.
Without doubt the use of a decimal base originates from the most basic human instinct of counting on one's fingers. The key contribution of the Indians however is not in the development of nine symbols to represent the numbers one to nine, but the invention of the place holder zero.
It is uncertain how much longer it took for zero to be invented but there is little doubt that such a symbol was in existence by BC, if not in widespread use.
The first evidence of decimals in Europe is in a Spanish manuscript of AD by Gerbert, who had studied under Arabic mathematicians. Temple and published by Simon and Schuster, Currently out-of-print.AT A GLANCE: In , German inventor Johannes Gutenberg invented a printing press process that, with refinements and increased mechanization, remained the principal means of printing until the late 20th century.
HISTORY OF WRITING including The first writing, Evolution of a script, Cuneiform, Hieroglyphs and papyrus, Seals of the Indus valley, Chinese characters. Paper This sub-section is about paper making; for the writing material first used in ancient Egypt, see papyrus..
Although it is recorded that the Han Dynasty ( BC – AD ) court eunuch Cai Lun (50 AD – AD ) invented the pulp papermaking process and established the use of new materials used in making paper, ancient padding and wrapping paper artifacts dating to the 2nd century BC.
Writing is the physical manifestation of a spoken language. It is thought that human beings developed language c. 35, BCE as evidenced by cave paintings from the period of the Cro-Magnon Man (c. 50,, BCE) which appear to express concepts concerning daily life.
June Chinese bow-making. In Peking, I spent some time interviewing an old Chinese bowyer about the history of his family's bow workshop, which started in the Qing Dynasty under the Emperor Qianlong (in about ) and operated up until the Cultural Revolution in (c) Where the Chinese equivalent was a disyllabic word.
In some cases the Chinese equivalent name was a disyllabic alphabetnyc.com Chinese writing system traditionally splits disyllabic words into two syllables (i.e., two separate characters), as though they were compound words.